Haiti has been suffering from natural disasters, gang violence and a long-standing political crisis. The earthquake in August, combined with the effects of COVID-19, has dramatically exacerbated its humanitarian needs, pushing more and more people into poverty and leading to different migration movements.
COP26 has been heavily criticized because of its limited results, consisting more of pledges than of concrete engagements. Notably, several pundits and observers stressed that food systems were far from playing a pivotal role both during the negotiations and in the final deal called “Glasgow Climate Pact”.
Russia's food policy has raised production and profits in the agricultural sector, increasing food exports and improving food security. Still, the sector is increasingly under pressure due to climate change-induced weather anomalies, grain policy and migrations. In the long run, these factors could affect Russia's status of food exporter.
Over the last few years, the large-scale displacement driven by conflict, as well as the impact of extreme and ever-changing climate and the aftermath of the Covid-19 pandemic have worsened the humanitarian, nutritional and living conditions of the population of Afghanistan.
The People’s Republic of China (PRC) is increasingly using its fishing industry for geopolitical purposes. Beijing is deploying fishing boats near and far from Chinese borders with two targets: satisfying its domestic demand of food and expanding PRC’s sovereignty and influence abroad in the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative.
The link between industrial fishing and the damage inflicted to oceans has long been a debated subject among pundits. Only recently it has stolen the limelight on the public stage due to the growing popularity of Netflix’s documentary Seaspiracy.
The Central American Dry Corridor is an ecological region on the Pacific Coast of Central America largely composed of tropical dry forest. This area is characterized by a high degree of social vulnerability, while the kind of subsistence farming practiced there allows very limited margin for action in case of adverse climatic conditions.
The Covid19 pandemic has forced Europeans to acknowledge a bitter truth that is usually swept under the carpet: their high degree of dependency on seasonal workers coming from Central and Eastern Europe to harvest Western European fields.
The age-old dispute over water resources in the Mesopotamian basin sees geopolitical interests threatening local communities’ livelihood. By diverting water streams, regional countries cause mass displacement and jeopardise their own food security and that of downstream countries.
In the Kalinago Territory of Dominica, land degradation and changing agrarian landscapes are having a deep impact on local ecosystem. Resulting in the disruption of rural communities' wellbeing and revealing how culture, society and environment are intrinsically connected.
Nowadays, Germany is probably both a model and a dissuasive example. A model when we consider that millions of migrants (especially from Southern Europe) found their place within its borders. A dissuasive example since the integration of around 1,7 million refugees has largely failed and the German welfare state could be on the verge of collapse.
Since 2017, migratory flows crossing the Mediterranean Sea to Europe have radically changed. This is arguably the outcome of the resolute policy measures adopted by the European Union (EU) and its member states to address the so-called “migration crisis” which invested Europe in 2014-16.
North Africa’s short-lived Arab Spring of 2010-2011 illustrates a disastrous cycle of conflict, food insecurity, and forced migration. Food shortages sparked tension. Migration accelerated. As young people moved away, the farming sector suffered, yields declined, and competition for food increased among those who stay behind.
Often crystallized in the vast public imagination as a place of conflict and starvation, Ethiopia is in fact a fast-developing country, which many look at as a model. Between the blurred lines of recent historic events a less stereotyped image of the giant of the Horn still struggles for recognition.
Despite Mexican migration northward diminishing, in the last few years people from Central America, mostly fleeing food insecurity, have been moving to the United States in troves, adding up to the overall Hispanic American population. Such an increase has caused the assimilation of Latinos into the US society to advance, producing a mixture of different cuisines and food habits. While also inducing the likes of Donald Trump to rant against newcomers and pursue the completion of a wall between the US and Mexico. Main factors of a thorny issue strongly related to food (and lack thereof).